VolMIP volc-pinatubo-full field-average GL TR NH SH ENSO NAO monthly time series


Zanchettin, Davide et al.

Idealized volcanic-forcing coupled climate model experiment using the 1991 Pinatubo forcing as used in the CMIP6 historical simulations. It is a Tier 1 (mandatory) VolMIP experiment based on a large ensemble of short-term “Pinatubo” climate simulations aimed at accurately estimating simulated responses to volcanic forcing that may be comparable to the amplitude of internal interannual climate variability. Initialization is based on equally distributed predefined states of ENSO (cold/neutral/warm states) and of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO, negative/neutral/positive states). Sampling of an eastern phase of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO), as observed after the 1991 Pinatubo eruption, is preferred for those models that spontaneously generate such mode of stratospheric variability. VIRF diagnostics must be calculated for this experiment for the whole integration and for all ensemble members, as these are required for the “volc-pinatubo-strat”/“surf” experiments. A minimum length of integration of 3 years is requested.
Details about the experiment are provided by Zanchettin et al. (2016).
The dataset contains monthly values of selected variables spatially averaged over four regions. These are the full globe (GL), the Northern Hemisphere extratropics (30°-90°N, NH), the tropics (30°S-30°N, TR), and the Southern Hemisphere (30°-90°S, hereafter SH).
The considered variables have the following cmor names: hfls, hfss, pr, rlds, rldscs, rlus, rlut, rlutcs, rsds, rsdscs, rsdt, rsus, rsut, rsutcs, tas. Additionally, the climate indices NAO and Nino34 are part of the dataset.
Considered models are CanESM5, IPSL-CM6A-LR, GISS-E2.1-G, MIROC-ES2L, MPI-ESM1.2-LR (named MPI-ESM-LR in the files of this dataset) and UKESM1.
Considered experiments are piControl and volc-pinatubo-full, with initial date and final date as specified for each model in Zanchettin et al. (2021). Different realizations are considered for the participating models depending on availability.
VolMIP (Model Intercomparison Project on the climatic response to Volcanic forcing)
Davide Zanchettin (
Temporal Coverage
1991-01-01 to 2000-12-31
Use constraints
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Data Catalog
World Data Center for Climate
158.51 MiB (166205952 Byte)
completely archived
Creation Date
Future Review Date
Cite as
Zanchettin, Davide; Timmreck, Claudia; Khodri, Myriam; Cole, Jason N.S.; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Abe, Manabu; Mann, Graham (2022). VolMIP volc-pinatubo-full field-average GL TR NH SH ENSO NAO monthly time series. World Data Center for Climate (WDCC) at DKRZ. https://doi.org/10.26050/WDCC/VolMIP_volc

[Entry acronym: VolMIP_volc] [Entry id: 3893179]
Findable: 6 of 7 level;
Accessible: 2 of 3 level;
Interoperable: 3 of 4 level;
Reusable: 5 of 10 level
F-UJI online v2.2.1 automated
Method Description
Checks performed by WDCC. Metrics documentation: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4081213 Metric Version: metrics_v0.5
Method Url
Result Date
Result Date
1. Number of data sets is correct and > 0: passed;
2. Size of every data set is > 0: passed;
3. The data sets and corresponding metadata are accessible: passed;
4. The data sizes are controlled and correct: passed;
5. The temporal coverage description (metadata) is consistent to the data, time steps are correct: passed;
6. The format is correct: passed;
7. Variable description and data are consistent: passed
WDCC-TQA checklist
Method Description
Checks performed by WDCC. The list of TQA metrics are documented in the 'WDCC User Guide for Data Publication' Chapter 8.1.1
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Result Date
Contact typePersonORCIDInstitute
Contact Davide Zanchettin-Max Planck Institute for Meteorology
Author Davide Zanchettin-Max Planck Institute for Meteorology
Author Dr. Claudia Timmreck 0000-0001-5355-0426Max-Planck-Institut fuer Meteorologie
Author Myriam Khodri 0000-0003-1941-1646Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace / Institut de Recherche pour le Développement
Author Jason N.S. Cole 0000-0003-0450-2748Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis
Author Kostas Tsigaridis-NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies
Author Dr. Manabu Abe-Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
Author Graham Mann-University of Leeds
Investigator Davide Zanchettin-Max Planck Institute for Meteorology

Is documented by

[1] DOI Zanchettin, Davide; Khodri, Myriam; Timmreck, Claudia; Toohey, Matthew; Schmidt, Anja; Gerber, Edwin P.; Hegerl, Gabriele; Robock, Alan; Pausata, Francesco S. R.; Ball, William T.; Bauer, Susanne E.; Bekki, Slimane; Dhomse, Sandip S.; LeGrande, Allegra N.; Mann, Graham W.; Marshall, Lauren; Mills, Michael; Marchand, Marion; Niemeier, Ulrike; Poulain, Virginie; Rozanov, Eugene; Rubino, Angelo; Stenke, Andrea; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Tummon, Fiona. (2016). The Model Intercomparison Project on the climatic response to Volcanic forcing (VolMIP): experimental design and forcing input data for CMIP6. doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2701-2016
[2] DOI Zanchettin, Davide; Timmreck, Claudia; Khodri, Myriam; Schmidt, Anja; Toohey, Matthew; Abe, Manabu; Bekki, Slimane; Cole, Jason; Fang, Shih-Wei; Feng, Wuhu; Hegerl, Gabriele; Johnson, Ben; Lebas, Nicolas; LeGrande, Allegra N.; Mann, Graham W.; Marshall, Lauren; Rieger, Landon; Robock, Alan; Rubinetti, Sara; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Weierbach, Helen. (2021). Effects of forcing differences and initial conditions on inter-model agreement in the VolMIP volc-pinatubo-full experiment. doi:10.5194/gmd-2021-372

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