LANDMATE PFT land cover dataset for Europe 2015 (Version 1.0)


Reinhart, Vanessa; Hoffmann, Peter; Rechid, Diana

The LANDMATE PFT dataset provides a land cover map for Europe for the year 2015 in 0.1° (~10km) and 0.018° (~2km) resolution. The dataset is based on land cover data of the ESA Climate Change Initiative (ESA-CCI, native resolution: 300m) which is translated into 16 plant functional types (PFTs) and non-vegetated classes employing the cross-walking procedure introduced by Reinhart et al. (2021). The translation is done under consideration of the Holdridge Life Zones (HLZs), a system, that classifies land areas based on bioclimatic properties. Through the HLZs, regional distinction of the individual PFT distribution can be achieved. The land cover information is given as fractions per grid cell where each fraction represents the area covered by the respective land cover within each grid cell (0-1).

The dataset is available in two different horizontal resolutions, 0.1° (~10km) and 0.018° (~2km), whereby the land cover information is resampled using a fractional approach to achieve the desired resolution.

The LANDMATE PFT dataset was carefully developed and designed to meet the present and future requirements of regional climate models and is therefore recommended to be used for regional climate modeling over the European Continent.
The LANDMATE PFT dataset (0.1° resolution) serves as basemap for the historical and future land use and land cover dataset LUCAS LUC developed by Hoffmann et al. (2021).
Newer Version(s)
LANDMATE (Modelling human LAND surface modifications and its feedbacks on local and regional cliMATE)
Dr. Vanessa Reinhart (
Spatial Coverage
Longitude -55.95 to 83.95 Latitude 16.1 to 79
Temporal Coverage
2015-01-01 to 2015-01-01 (calendrical)
Use constraints
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) (
Data Catalog
World Data Center for Climate
1.67 GiB (1795899576 Byte)
completely archived
Creation Date
Future Review Date
Cite as
Reinhart, Vanessa; Hoffmann, Peter; Rechid, Diana (2021). LANDMATE PFT land cover dataset for Europe 2015 (Version 1.0). World Data Center for Climate (WDCC) at DKRZ.

Findable: 6 of 7 level;
Accessible: 2 of 3 level;
Interoperable: 3 of 4 level;
Reusable: 5 of 10 level
F-UJI online v2.2.1 automated
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Checks performed by WDCC. Metrics documentation: Metric Version: metrics_v0.5
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1. Number of data sets is correct and > 0: passed;
2. Size of every data set is > 0: passed;
3. The data sets and corresponding metadata are accessible: passed;
4. The data sizes are controlled and correct: passed;
5. The temporal coverage description (metadata) is consistent to the data: passed;
6. The format is correct: passed;
7. Variable description and data are consistent: passed
WDCC-TQA checklist
Method Description
Checks performed by WDCC. The list of TQA metrics are documented in the 'WDCC User Guide for Data Publication' Chapter 8.1.1
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Is compiled by

[1] DOI Reinhart, Vanessa; Hoffmann, Peter; Rechid, Diana; Böhner, Jürgen; Bechtel, Benjamin. (2022). High-resolution land use and land cover dataset for regional climate modelling: a plant functional type map for Europe 2015. doi:10.5194/essd-14-1735-2022

Is derived from

[1] DOI Cornes, Richard C.; van der Schrier, Gerard; van den Besselaar, Else J. M.; Jones, Philip D. (2018). An Ensemble Version of the E-OBS Temperature and Precipitation Data Sets. doi:10.1029/2017jd028200
[2] DOI Harris, I.; Jones, P.D.; Osborn, T.J.; Lister, D.H. (2013). Updated high‐resolution grids of monthly climatic observations – the <scp>CRU TS3</scp>.10 Dataset. doi:10.1002/joc.3711
[3] ESA. (2017). Land Cover CCI Product User Guide Version 2, Tech. rep., European Space Agency.

Is previous version of

[1] DOI Reinhart, Vanessa; Hoffmann, Peter; Rechid, Diana. (2022). LANDMATE PFT land cover dataset for Europe 1992-2015 (Version 1.1). doi:10.26050/WDCC/LM_PFT_EUR_v1.1

Attached Datasets ( 1 )

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[Entry acronym: LM_PFT_LandCov_EUR2015_v1.0] [Entry id: 3888399]