LANDMATE PFT land cover dataset for Europe 1992-2015 (Version 1.1)


Reinhart, Vanessa; Hoffmann, Peter; Rechid, Diana

The LANDMATE PFT dataset provides land cover maps for Europe for the years 1992-2015 in 0.1° (~10km) resolution and a land cover map for Europe for the year 2015 in 0.018° (~2km) resolution. Minor interpolation issues found in LANDMATE PFT Version 1.0 are fixed in LANDMATE PFT Version 1.1. The dataset is based on land cover data of the ESA Climate Change Initiative (ESA-CCI, native resolution: 300m) which is translated into 16 plant functional types (PFTs) and non-vegetated classes employing the cross-walking procedure introduced by Reinhart et al. (2022). The translation is done under consideration of the Holdridge Life Zones (HLZs), a system, that classifies land areas based on bioclimatic properties. Through the HLZs, regional distinction of the individual PFT distribution can be achieved. The land cover information is given as fractions per grid cell where each fraction represents the area covered by the respective land cover within each grid cell (0-1).

A high-resolution (0.018°) version for the year 2015 is provided. For custom resolution or other time steps in the higher resolution please contact the authors.
LANDMATE (Modelling human LAND surface modifications and its feedbacks on local and regional cliMATE)
Dr. Vanessa Reinhart (
Spatial Coverage
Longitude -55.95 to 83.95 Latitude 16.1 to 79
Temporal Coverage
1992-01-01 to 2015-12-31 (calendrical)
Use constraints
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) (
Data Catalog
World Data Center for Climate
2.88 GiB (3094204856 Byte)
completely archived
Creation Date
Future Review Date
Previous Version(s)
Cite as
Reinhart, Vanessa; Hoffmann, Peter; Rechid, Diana (2022). LANDMATE PFT land cover dataset for Europe 1992-2015 (Version 1.1). World Data Center for Climate (WDCC) at DKRZ.

Findable: 6 of 7 level;
Accessible: 2 of 3 level;
Interoperable: 3 of 4 level;
Reusable: 5 of 10 level
F-UJI online v2.2.1 automated
Method Description
Checks performed by WDCC. Metrics documentation: Metric Version: metrics_v0.5
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Result Date
1. Number of data sets is correct and > 0: passed;
2. Size of every data set is > 0: passed;
3. The data sets and corresponding metadata are accessible: passed;
4. The data sizes are controlled and correct: passed;
5. The spatial-temporal coverage description (metadata) is consistent to the data, time steps are correct: passed;
6. The format is correct: passed;
7. Variable description and data are consistent: passed
WDCC-TQA checklist
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Checks performed by WDCC. The list of TQA metrics are documented in the 'WDCC User Guide for Data Publication' Chapter 8.1.1
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Is new version of

[1] DOI Reinhart, Vanessa; Hoffmann, Peter; Rechid, Diana. (2021). LANDMATE PFT land cover dataset for Europe 2015 (Version 1.0). doi:10.26050/WDCC/LM_PFT_LandCov_EUR2015_v1.0

Is compiled by

[1] DOI Reinhart, Vanessa; Hoffmann, Peter; Rechid, Diana; Böhner, Jürgen; Bechtel, Benjamin. (2022). High-resolution land use and land cover dataset for regional climate modelling: a plant functional type map for Europe 2015. doi:10.5194/essd-14-1735-2022

Is derived from

[1] DOI Cornes, Richard C.; van der Schrier, Gerard; van den Besselaar, Else J. M.; Jones, Philip D. (2018). An Ensemble Version of the E-OBS Temperature and Precipitation Data Sets. doi:10.1029/2017jd028200
[2] DOI Harris, I.; Jones, P.D.; Osborn, T.J.; Lister, D.H. (2013). Updated high‐resolution grids of monthly climatic observations – the <scp>CRU TS3</scp>.10 Dataset. doi:10.1002/joc.3711
[3] ESA. (2017). Land Cover CCI Product User Guide Version 2, Tech. rep., European Space Agency.

Attached Datasets ( 2 )

Details for selected entry
[Entry acronym: LM_PFT_EUR_v1.1] [Entry id: 3914764]