Bentsen, Mats et al.

Global HAPPI-MIP protocol data based on the NorESM1-HAPPI [1] AGCM developed by the NCC (NorESM Climate modeling Consortium).
This CERA experiment includes data of 135 AMIP simulations within the period 1959-2016, 125 AMIP-like simulations of 2106-2116 representing a climate warmer by 1.5°C than under pre-industrial conditions (1861-1880) and 125 AMIP-like simulations of 2106-2116 representing a climate warmer by 2.0°C than under pre-industrial conditions.
[1] https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2017-115
IPCC-DDC_SR15 (IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C)
Ingo Bethke (
Spatial Coverage
Longitude 0 to 359.75 Latitude -89.75 to 89.75 Altitude: 1000 hPa to 10 hPa
Temporal Coverage
2006-01-01 to 2116-06-30 (365_day)
Use constraints
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Data Catalog
World Data Center for Climate
7.69 TiB (8457902005148 Byte)
completely archived
Creation Date
Future Review Date
Cite as
Bentsen, Mats; Bethke, Ingo; Debernard, Jens Boldingh; Fuglestvedt, Jan; Heinze, Christoph; Iversen, Trond; Li, Camille; Michel, Clio; Seland, Øyvind; Schaller, Nathalie; Graff, Lise Seland; Gurdrun, Sylte (2019). Simulations of HAPPI (Half a degree Additional warming, Prognosis and Projected Impacts) Tier-1 experiments based on the NorESM1-HAPPI atmospheric model of the NorESM Climate modeling Consortium (NCC). World Data Center for Climate (WDCC) at DKRZ. https://doi.org/10.26050/WDCC/HAPPI-global-NorESM1-HAPPI

[Entry acronym: HAPPI-global-NorESM1-HAPPI] [Entry id: 3591024]
as consistent as the model NorESM1-HAPPI
Quality L3 checks of CMIP5/AR5 applied as defined at http://redmine.dkrz.de/projects/cmip5-qc/wiki/Qc_l3#Criteria-for-QC-L3DOI-publication :
[TQA:passed] [CMIP5:DateOfQualityControl3=2018-09-26]
wap: typo in CF standard name in data headers of all wap files
Contact typePersonORCIDInstitute
Contact Ingo Bethke 0000-0002-6836-9838Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research
Author Mats Bentsen 0000-0001-5441-4063Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research
Author Ingo Bethke 0000-0002-6836-9838Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research
Author Jens Boldingh Debernard 0000-0002-9276-5996Norwegian Meteorological Institute
Author Jan Fuglestvedt-Center for International Climate Research
Author Christoph Heinze 0000-0003-4074-8390University of Bergen
Author Trond Iversen 0000-0001-6875-2979Norwegian Meteorological Institute
Author Camille Li-University of Bergen
Author Clio Michel-University of Bergen
Author Øyvind Seland 0000-0001-6804-5879Norwegian Meteorological Institute
Author Nathalie Schaller-Center for International Climate Research
Author Lise Seland Graff 0000-0003-3217-6329Norwegian Meteorological Institute
Author Sylte Gurdrun-University of Bergen
Investigator Ingo Bethke 0000-0002-6836-9838Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research
Funder --Research Council of Norway
Contributor --University of Bergen
Metadata Ludwig Lierhammer-Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum


[1] DOI Taylor, Karl E.; Stouffer, Ronald J.; Meehl, Gerald A. (2012). An Overview of CMIP5 and the Experiment Design. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00094.1
[2] DOI Mitchell, Daniel; AchutaRao, Krishna; Allen, Myles; Bethke, Ingo; Beyerle, Urs; Ciavarella, Andrew; Forster, Piers M.; Fuglestvedt, Jan; Gillett, Nathan; Haustein, Karsten; Ingram, William; Iversen, Trond; Kharin, Viatcheslav; Klingaman, Nicholas; Massey, Neil; Fischer, Erich; Schleussner, Carl-Friedrich; Scinocca, John; Seland, Øyvind; Shiogama, Hideo; Shuckburgh, Emily; Sparrow, Sarah; Stone, Dáithí; Uhe, Peter; Wallom, David; Wehner, Michael; Zaaboul, Rashyd. (2017). Half a degree additional warming, prognosis and projected impacts (HAPPI): background and experimental design. doi:10.5194/gmd-10-571-2017

Is documented by

[1] DOI Iversen, Trond; Bethke, Ingo; Debernard, Jens B.; Graff, Lise S.; Seland, Øyvind; Bentsen, Mats; Kirkevåg, Alf; Li, Camille; Olivié, Dirk J. L. (2017). The "NorESM1-Happi" used for evaluating differences between a global warming of 1.5° C and 2° C, and the role of Arctic Amplification. doi:10.5194/esd-2017-115

Is derived from

[1] DOI Huppmann, Daniel; Kriegler, Elmar; Krey, Volker; Riahi, Keywan; Rogelj, Joeri; Rose, Steven K.; Weyant, John; Bauer, Nico; Bertram, Christoph; Bosetti, Valentina; Calvin, Katherine; Doelman, Jonathan; Drouet, Laurent; Emmerling, Johannes; Frank, Stefan; Fujimori, Shinichiro; Gernaat, David; Grubler, Arnulf; Guivarch, Celine; Haigh, Martin; Holz, Christian; Iyer, Gokul; Kato, Etsushi; Keramidas, Kimon; Kitous, Alban; Leblanc, Florian; Liu, Jing-Yu; Löffler, Konstantin; Luderer, Gunnar; Marcucci, Adriana; McCollum, David; Mima, Silvana; Popp, Alexander; Sands, Ronald D.; Sano, Fuminori; Strefler, Jessica; Tsutsui, Junichi; Van Vuuren, Detlef; Vrontisi, Zoi; Wise, Marshall; Zhang, Runsen. (2018). IAMC 1.5°C Scenario Explorer and Data hosted by IIASA. doi:10.22022/SR15/08-2018.15429

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