ERA-Interim surface 12_03 (forecast)

European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)

ECMWF has in the past produced three major reanalyses: FGGE, ERA-15 and ERA-40. Now progress is being made in producing 'ERA Interim'. ERA-Interim has progressed beyond the end of ERA-40. After completion of the first four years it was decided to revise the configuration of the system and to rerun the initial segment. Other shorter reruns for later periods have been completed as needed for technical reasons. ERA Interim reanalysis is expected to catch up with operations in late 2008. The reanalysis will then be continued in near-real time with the same system in order to support climate monitoring.

This experiment contains 3-hourly surface data of forecasts, initialised at 00 and 12 UTC and running for 12 hours, resulting in a continuous time series. Some variables are accumulated from the beginning of the forecast, e.g. precipitation (see also the ERA-Interim archive document attached to this experiment as additional information).

Please see this link for detailed terms of use:
ERA_INTERIM (ECMWF Re-Analysis Project ERA-Interim)
World (global)
Spatial Coverage
Longitude 0 to 360 Latitude -90 to 90 Altitude: -2.89 m to 10 m
Temporal Coverage
1979-01-01 to 2019-08-31 (calendrical)
Use constraints
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) (
Data Catalog
World Data Center for Climate
1.27 TiB (1394387543648 Byte)
completely archived
Creation Date
Cite as
European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) (2014). The ERA-Interim reanalysis dataset for the surface (3-hourly forecast). World Data Center for Climate (WDCC) at DKRZ.

ECMWF quality information (status 2018-06-13; source: :
ERA-Interim known issues:
1. Surface photosynthetically active radiation (surface PAR) values are too low
2. Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE) values are erroneously zero
3. ERA-Interim issues with cloud cover
4. Sea Surface Temperature has values over land in ERA-Interim and other ERA products
5. Anomalies at certain dates and locations
6. Over oceans geopotential (and potentially derived fields too) shows a 'spectral ripples' pattern.
7. It is not possible to obtain full (archived) resolution ERA-Interim data from the point and click web interface. Instead you get:
a. For spectral data, when grid=128 is selected, automatic truncation to T213 occurs.
b. The option "Grid default (as archived)" gives a 0.75x0.75 lat/long grid for both spectral and grid point data, again with automatic truncation to T213 for spectral fields.
c. The Gaussian grids all appear to be full grids, not reduced, with no means of requesting the latter.
d. There is no T255 option
8. Sunshine duration is defined in a non-standard manner which leads to underestimation of this quantity.
Contact typePersonORCIDOrganization

Is described by

[1] DOI Dee, D. P.; Uppala, S. M.; Simmons, A. J.; Berrisford, P.; Poli, P.; Kobayashi, S.; Andrae, U.; Balmaseda, M. A.; Balsamo, G.; Bauer, P.; Bechtold, P.; Beljaars, A. C. M.; van de Berg, L.; Bidlot, J.; Bormann, N.; Delsol, C.; Dragani, R.; Fuentes, M.; Geer, A. J.; Haimberger, L.; Healy, S. B.; Hersbach, H.; Hólm, E. V.; Isaksen, L.; Kållberg, P.; Köhler, M.; Matricardi, M.; McNally, A. P.; Monge-Sanz, B. M.; Morcrette, J.-J.; Park, B.-K.; Peubey, C.; de Rosnay, P.; Tavolato, C.; Thépaut, J.-N.; Vitart, F. (2011). The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. doi:10.1002/qj.828

Attached Datasets ( 45 )

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Additional Info

Details for selected entry
[Entry acronym: ERAIN_SFC12_03] [Entry id: 3341945]