Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) datasets.
These data include all datasets published for 'CMIP6.CMIP.NOAA-GFDL.GFDL-ESM4.1pctCO2' with the full Data Reference Syntax following the template 'mip_era.activity_id.institution_id.source_id.experiment_id.member_id.table_id.variable_id.grid_label.version'.

The GFDL-ESM4 climate model, released in 2018, includes the following components:
aerosol: interactive, atmos: GFDL-AM4.1 (Cubed-sphere (c96) - 1 degree nominal horizontal resolution; 360 x 180 longitude/latitude; 49 levels; top level 1 Pa), atmosChem: GFDL-ATMCHEM4.1 (full atmospheric chemistry), land: GFDL-LM4.1, landIce: GFDL-LM4.1, ocean: GFDL-OM4p5 (GFDL-MOM6, tripolar - nominal 0.5 deg; 720 x 576 longitude/latitude; 75 levels; top grid cell 0-2 m), ocnBgchem: GFDL-COBALTv2, seaIce: GFDL-SIM4p5 (GFDL-SIS2.0, tripolar - nominal 0.5 deg; 720 x 576 longitude/latitude; 5 layers; 5 thickness categories).
The model was run by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA (NOAA-GFDL) in native nominal resolutions: aerosol: 100 km, atmos: 100 km, atmosChem: 100 km, land: 100 km, landIce: 100 km, ocean: 50 km, ocnBgchem: 50 km, seaIce: 50 km.

Project: These data have been generated as part of the internationally-coordinated Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6; see also GMD Special Issue: http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/special_issue590.html). The simulation data provides a basis for climate research designed to answer fundamental science questions and serves as resource for authors of the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-AR6).

CMIP6 is a project coordinated by the Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM) as part of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Phase 6 builds on previous phases executed under the leadership of the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) and relies on the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) and the Centre for Environmental Data Analysis (CEDA) along with numerous related activities for implementation. The original data is hosted and partially replicated on a federated collection of data nodes, and most of the data relied on by the IPCC is being archived for long-term preservation at the IPCC Data Distribution Centre (IPCC DDC) hosted by the German Climate Computing Center (DKRZ).

The project includes simulations from about 120 global climate models and around 45 institutions and organizations worldwide. - Project website: https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/CMIP6.
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0)
CMIP6 model data is evolving, new versions are added when datasets are changed or additions are made. Cite this data collection according to the Data Citation Guidelines (http://bit.ly/2gBCuqM) and be sure to include the version number (e.g. v20210101). Individuals using the data must abide by terms of use for CMIP6 data (https://pcmdi.llnl.gov/CMIP6/TermsOfUse). The original license restrictions on these datasets were recorded as global attributes in the data files, but these may have been subsequently updated. - Here is the history of licenses governing these datasets: 2018-07-01: initially published under CC BY-SA 4.0; 2022-06-08: relaxed to CC BY 4.0
Krasting, John P.
Cite as
Krasting, John P.; John, Jasmin G; Blanton, Chris; McHugh, Colleen; Nikonov, Serguei; Radhakrishnan, Aparna; Rand, Kristopher; Zadeh, Niki T.; Balaji, V; Durachta, Jeff; Dupuis, Christopher; Menzel, Raymond; Robinson, Thomas; Underwood, Seth; Vahlenkamp, Hans; Dunne, Krista A.; Gauthier, Paul PG; Ginoux, Paul; Griffies, Stephen M.; Hallberg, Robert; Harrison, Matthew; Hurlin, William; Malyshev, Sergey; Naik, Vaishali; Paulot, Fabien; Paynter, David J; Ploshay, Jeffrey; Reichl, Brandon G; Schwarzkopf, Daniel M; Seman, Charles J; Silvers, Levi; Wyman, Bruce; Zeng, Yujin; Adcroft, Alistair; Dunne, John P.; Dussin, Raphael; Guo, Huan; He, Jian; Held, Isaac M; Horowitz, Larry W.; Lin, Pu; Milly, P.C.D; Shevliakova, Elena; Stock, Charles; Winton, Michael; Wittenberg, Andrew T.; Xie, Yuanyu; Zhao, Ming (2018). NOAA-GFDL GFDL-ESM4 model output prepared for CMIP6 CMIP 1pctCO2. Version YYYYMMDD[1].Earth System Grid Federation. https://doi.org/10.22033/ESGF/CMIP6.8473

[1] Please use the latest dataset version or if not available the latest data download date as version in your data citation.

Data Access


Related Data

NOAA-GFDL GFDL-ESM4 model output prepared for CMIP6 CMIP

Metadata Export

1Krasting, John P.-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
2John, Jasmin G 0000-0003-2696-277XGeophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
3Blanton, Chris 0000-0002-0785-3538Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
4McHugh, Colleen 0000-0003-0560-3225Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
5Nikonov, Serguei 0000-0002-3762-922XGeophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
6Radhakrishnan, Aparna 0000-0002-2843-931XPrinceton University
7Rand, Kristopher-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
8Zadeh, Niki T.-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
9Balaji, V 0000-0001-7561-5438Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
10Durachta, Jeff 0000-0002-4784-6711Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
11Dupuis, Christopher 0000-0002-9730-9172Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
12Menzel, Raymond 0000-0002-2459-0119Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
13Robinson, Thomas 0000-0001-5553-0226Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
14Underwood, Seth 0000-0002-8395-9609Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
15Vahlenkamp, Hans-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
16Dunne, Krista A.-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
17Gauthier, Paul PG 0000-0002-2893-7861Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
18Ginoux, Paul-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
19Griffies, Stephen M.-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
20Hallberg, Robert-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
21Harrison, Matthew-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
22Hurlin, William 0000-0002-7390-6669Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
23Malyshev, Sergey-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
24Naik, Vaishali-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
25Paulot, Fabien-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
26Paynter, David J-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
27Ploshay, Jeffrey 0000-0001-8650-2965Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
28Reichl, Brandon G-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
29Schwarzkopf, Daniel M-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
30Seman, Charles J 0000-0002-0174-3020Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
31Silvers, Levi 0000-0003-4304-2545Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
32Wyman, Bruce-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
33Zeng, Yujin 0000-0001-9513-7648Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
34Adcroft, Alistair 0000-0001-9413-1017Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
35Dunne, John P.-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
36Dussin, Raphael-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
37Guo, Huan 0000-0002-8312-9963Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
38He, Jian-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
39Held, Isaac M-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
40Horowitz, Larry W.-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
41Lin, Pu 0000-0003-2577-6094Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
42Milly, P.C.D-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
43Shevliakova, Elena-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
44Stock, Charles-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
45Winton, Michael-Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
46Wittenberg, Andrew T. 0000-0003-1680-8963Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
47Xie, Yuanyu-Princeton University
48Zhao, Ming 0000-0003-4996-7821Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA
IsCitedBy  Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). DOI:10.1017/9781009157896
IsCitedBy  Global Carbon and other Biogeochemical Cycles and Feedbacks. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Canadell, J.G.; Monteiro, P.M.S; Costa, M.H.; Cotrim da Cunha, L.; Cox, P.M.; Eliseev, A.V.; Henson, S.; Ishii, M.; Jaccard, S.; Koven, C.; Lohila, A.; Patra, P.K.; Piao, S.; Rogelj, J.; Syampungani, S.; Zaehle, S.; Zickfeld, K.. DOI:10.1017/9781009157896.007
IsRelatedTo  Evidence of localised Amazon rainforest dieback in CMIP6 models. Parry, Isobel M.; Ritchie, Paul D. L.; Cox, Peter M.. DOI:10.5194/esd-13-1667-2022
IsReferencedBy  Reduction in Near‐Surface Wind Speeds With Increasing CO2 May Worsen Winter Air Quality in the Indo‐Gangetic Plain. Paulot, Fabien; Naik, Vaishali; W. Horowitz, Larry. DOI:10.1029/2022gl099039